Transportation in Istanbul is not as convenient as it is in many big cities of the world. Because Istanbul is not surrounded by a good subway network. Instead of metro, other ways of transportation are used.
Bus: Public and private buses are very popular. Those buses operate frequently to different destinations in the city. The problem is that because of the busy traffic, the time tables do not reflect the actual situation. You may wait a bus for 15-20 or 30 minutes. The buses are of three kinds. The first one is the blue-green buses which are privately owned. You pay money to get on them. The fee is 1.3 YTL) which is approximately. equal to 0.80 EUR or 1 USD. Foreign currency is NOT accepted. You can read the name of the place you would like to go, on the sign on the side window in the front. There is a person who will be sitting in front of the bus and after you pay him, you receive your ticket. People usually do not speak English, so you would better learn your destination.
Example: TAKSIM 30B BESIKTAS. 30B is the route number. TAKSIM and BESIKTAS are popular areas.
Second type of buses are the municipal buses which you can see lots of ads on them or regular ones in blue-green or blue- red. For these buses, you can either buy a ticket before you get into the bus or you can pay the fee to the driver. Close to the bus stops, you can come across small ticket offices called "GISE" in Turkish. Sometimes you can find tickets in little corner convenience shops. A ticket costs 1.3 YTL) you can see people using a ringing object as ticket. This is called "Akbil" which means Smart-ticket. It's like phone-cards, you accumulate them in the smart-ticket offices in return for a certain amount and you just touch it to the electronic device set on the bus. The amount is automatically taken out from your account like Electron Bank cards. This is not profitable for short-time visitors because you also pay for the empty device. This buses usually don't have air-con and are very crowded. There are plenty of sea
Its as well as plenty of room to stand in the bus. You can read the destination of the bus on its front and side window.
There's the last type of buses, which are double-deckers. They operate for longer distances and are more convenient. You give double tickets for them. If they are green buses, you can also pay cash instead of tickets. Don't worry, they will warn you.....
There are municipal buses which cross the bridge and go to the Asian side. If you plan to go to the Asian Side, you also use double tickets or double fee. I recommend you to try the ferries instead.
Dolmuş is a large yellow taxi that accommodate up to 8 passengers. Bus tickets are not accepted on dolmuş. The most popular dolmuş routes are those from Taksim to Bostancı, Kadıköy, Bakırköy, Yeşilköy, Ataköy, Topkapı and Fındıkzade, respectively; from Şişli to Kadıköy andBostancı; and, from Taksim to Beşiktaş and Nişantaşı. Dolmuş depart only after all of their seats are occupied.
On average, minibuses carry between fourteen and fifteen. The destinations passed on a minibus' route are typically written on the front window and on a billboard on top of the bus. One can only pay with money on minibuses.
Minibuses run from the central minibus stations in Şişli, Beşiktaş, Bakırköy and Kadıköy to a variety of destinations. If you are worried that you might have boarded the wrong bus, ask the driver. Alert the chauffeur before you arrive, and he will stop the bus in order for you to get off.
All of the taxis in Istanbul are yellow, and display signs reading taxi (taksi) on their roofs. It is safer to board taxis at official taxi stops. If you do board at a taxi stop, it will be much easier for you contact the taxi driver later if you forget anything in the cab, or for any other reason. You can also stop taxis while they are driving on the streets. The license plate and stop that the taxi belongs to, should be written on the top of the cab. You can take down this information.
The fee for taxi rides is calculated with a taxi meter. The taxi meter begins at 1,73 YTL and increases by 1,25 YTL for each kilometer traveled. The standing-rate is after five minutes 20 YKr per minute. It is important to have change on you when you board a taxi, as drivers will often not have change for large bills. After midnight a fifty percent increase in the taxi rate comes into effect.
Travel between cities
You can make reservations and purchase tickets for travel by bus within Turkey at the offices of a number of different bus firms, which are found in Taksim, Beşiktaş, Kadıköyand almost every other neighborhood in the city.
Buses leave from the Esenler Station on the European Side and from the Harem Bus Station on the Asian Side. Buses to other European countries leave from the Esenler Station.
For more detailed information about travel, ticket prices, and routes:
Buses within the city: www.iett.gov.tr
Buses outside of the city: www.otogar.com.tr
Lost items bureau: (9)0212-297-5631
The Esenler Bus Station: (9)0212-658-0505
The Harem Bus Station: (9)0212-333-3763